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Entries / Angliiskaya Embankment

Angliiskaya Embankment


Categories / City Topography/Urban Network/Embankments

ANGLIISKAYA EMBANKMENT, from 1738 - Beregovaya Nizhnaya Embankment Street, in the mid-to-late 18th century - Isaakievskaya Embankment, Galernaya Embankment, and Anglinskaya Embankment, from 1800s - Angliiskaya Embankment, and in 1918-94 - Krasnogo Flota Embankment. It lies on the left bank of the Bolshaya Neva River between Admiralteiskaya Embankment, Dekabristov Square, and Novo-Admiralteisky Canal. The embankment appeared in the early 18th century downstream the Bolshaya Neva River (hence the first name translated as Downstream Embankment). It led from St. Isaac's Church, which stood in place of the Bronze Horseman (hence the second name translated as Isaac's Embankment), to the Galley Yard (hence the third name translated as Galley Embankment). English merchants who settled in the embankment in the 18th century gave it the fourth name translated as English Embankment. The fifth name translated as Red Fleet Embankment was given in honour of sailors of the Red Baltic Fleet and in memory of Aurora Cruiser anchored opposite house 44 on the night of 25 October 1917, where a memorial stele is located, erected by architect A. I. Gegello in 1939. The name of Angliiskaya Embankment was reassumed in 1994 as part of the arrangements for the visit of Queen Elizabeth II to St. Petersburg. The embankment had a solid face wall by the 18th century. All buildings were reconstructed in the 19th-20th century. House 2 used to accommodate the Senate (see Senate and Synod Building); house 4 was formerly Laval House; house 6 built by architect V. E. Stukkei in 1866 belonged to E. P. Cazalet and later to the Tenishev family; house 8 built by architects A. H. Pehl and R. A. Gedike was formerly the house of Prince F. I. Paskevich-Erivansky; house 10 rebuilt in 1770s belonged to A. L. Naryshkin and later to the Vorontsov-Dashkov family; house 14 rebuilt in the late 19th century belonged to the Tenishev family and later to M. K. Chaplits; house 16 built by architect L. F. Fontana was formerly P. P. Durnovo's house; house 28 built by architect A. F. Krasovsky in 1890s belonged to P. von Derviz and later to Grand Prince Andrey Vladimirovich; house 32 built by architect G. Quarenghi in 1782-83 first accommodated the Board of Foreign Affairs and later the Academy of the General Staff; house 34 built by architect F. L. Miller in 1868-71 formerly belonged to S. P. von Derviz; house 44 was formerly Rumyantsev's house; house 50 built in the 1830s belonged to the Stenbock-Fermors and later to the Kapnists; house 52 rebuilt in the early 19th century was formerly Y. A. Potemkin's house; house 54 rebuilt by architect K. K. Rachau in 1870s and architect R. F. Meltzer in 1910s belonged to Grand Prince Mikhail Alexandrovich; house 56 used to accommodate the English Church; house 68 built by architect A. I. Krakau in 1859-62 and redesigned inside by architect M. E. Messmacher in 1887-89 belonged to Baron A. L. Stieglitz (see Stieglitz family) and later to Grand Prince Pavel Alexandrovich; house 74 rebuilt in the late 1820s belonged to Y. V. Willie, then to N. A. Demidov, and later to A. F. Gaush. Among workers who served at the Board of Foreign Affairs at 32 Angliiskaya Embankment were A. S. Pushkin, A. S. Griboedov, W. K. Kuchelbecker, and F. I. Tyutchev. The house also accommodated the Academy of the General Staff in 1832-1901. A. I. Herzen lived in house 42 in 1830-40s. Prussian envoy O. von Bismark lived in house 50 in 1859-62. Gaush and E. Demmeni who founded a puppet theatre lived in house 74. A granite embankment was constructed in 1770-88 and reconstructed in 1952-54. Blagoveshchensky Bridge (see Leitenanta Shmidta Bridge) was built over the Bolshaya Neva River in 1843-50. During the siege of 1941-44, the Baltic Fleet had its ships anchored nearby in the Bolshaya Neva River. An internal defence line was arranged along the embankment. Angliiskaya Embankment has been a traditional place to stroll along during the White Nights. Today, the Russian State Historical Archives in house 2, Museum of St. Petersburg History in house 44, Marriage Palace in house 28, Electromechanical College in house 64, and Society of the Deaf in house 54 are located along the embankment. See pictures on page 7.

Reference: Соловьева Т. А. К причалам Английской набережной. СПб., 1998.

G. Y. Nikitenko.

Persons
Andrey Vladimirovich, Grand Prince
Bismarck Otto von
Cazalet Eduard Petrovich
Chaplits M.K.
Demidov Nikita Akinfievich
Demmeni Evgeny Sergeevich
Derviz Pavel Pavlovich
Durnovo Peter Pavlovich
Elizabeth II, Queen
Fontana Ludwig Frantsevich
Gaush Alexander Fedorovich
Gedike Robert Andreevich
Gegello Alexander Ivanovich
Griboedov Alexander Sergeevich
Herzen Alexander Ivanovich
Krakau Georg Alexander (Alexander Ivanovich)
Krasovsky Alexander Fedorovich
Kuchelbecker Wilhelm Karlovich
Meltzer Roman (Robert-Friedrich) Fedorovich
Messmacher Maximilian Egorovich
Mikhail Alexandrovich, Grand Prince
Miller (Muller) Ferdinand Loginovich
Naryshkin Alexander Lvovich
Paskevich-Erivansky Fedor Ivanovich, Duke
Pavel Alexandrovich, Grand Prince
Pehl Alexander Hristoforovich
Potemkin Yakov Alexeevich
Pushkin Alexander Sergeevich
Quarenghi Giacomo
Rachau Karl Karlovich
Stieglitz Alexander Ludwigovich, Baron
Stukkei (Stokke) Veniamin Egorovich
the Kapnists
the Stenbock-Fermors
the Tenishevs
the Vorontsov-Dashkovs
Tyutchev Fedor Ivanovich
Willie Yakov (James) Vasilievich

Addresses
Admiralteyskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 4
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 44
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 68
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 8
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 14
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 50
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 32
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 28
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 16
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 64
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 52
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 34
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 10
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 6
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 54
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 74
Angliiskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 56
Dekabristov Square/Saint Petersburg, city

Bibliographies
Соловьева Т. А. К причалам Английской набережной. СПб., 1998

The subject Index
Bronze Horseman
Galley Yard
Baltic Fleet
Aurora, cruiser
Senate and Synod Buildings
Laval, House of
General Staff Academy
Siege of 1941-44
Russian Historical Archive
St. Petersburg Museum of History

Chronograph
1770
1788