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Entries / Stray Dog, Cabaret

Stray Dog, Cabaret

Categories / Art/Music, Theatre/Stage, Cabaret, Variety Shows

STRAY DOG (Brodyachaya Sobaka), literary and artistic cabaret. It was opened on 31 December 1911, in the vault of the second courtyard of the building at 5 Mikhailovskaya Street (today Iskusstv Square). It was established by writer A. N. Tolstoy, artists M. V. Dobuzhinsky, N. N. Sapunov, S. Y. Sudeykin, theatre worker N. N. Evreinov, architect I. A. Fomin among others. However, it was mostly organised and inspired by producer and actor B. K. Pronin (1875-1946). The name originates from the mock and romantic image of a lonely artist compared with a shelter less stray dog. Founding members of the Stray Dog tried to achieve one of the fundamental ideas of the beginning of the 20th centuries - synthesis in the arts (poetry, music, painting and theatre), to unite artists of new trends. Poetic, musical and literary soirees lasting for the whole night were arranged at the cabaret, lectures were given on questions of art. Russian and foreign workers of art were honoured at the cabaret. Poets A. A. Akhmatova, N. S. Gumilev, M. A. Kuzmin, O. E. Mandelstam, G. V. Ivanov, K. D. Balmont, V. V. Mayakovsky; actors, musicians and composers V. G. Karatygin, I. A. Sats, M. F. Gnesin, Y. A. Shaporin, S. S. Prokofyev, Y. M. Yuryev, E. I. Time, T. P. Karsavina; architect V. A. Shchuko were among constant visitors. The behaviour of visitors was consciously playful and readiness to spontaneously participate in whatever event happened (from scandal to reading verses and singing romances) was what united the association. Parody was the favourite genre in Stray Dog. The attempts of wealthy members of the audience (constant visitors called them pharmacists) to join the artistic world through these interactions changed the spirit of the cabaret a little, yet the conflict between a bourgeois and the artist in Stray Dog was playful and in many respects mock. In 1915, Stray Dog was closed because of financial difficulties; it was succeeded by the Comedians Halt.

References: Парнис А. Е., Тименчик Р. Д. Программы "Бродячей собаки" // Памятники культуры: Новые открытия: Ежегодник, 1983. Л., 1985. С. 160-257; Шульц С. С., Склярский В. А. "Бродячая собака": Век нынешний - век минувший. СПб., 2003.

Y. N. Kruzhnov.

Iskusstv Square/Saint Petersburg, city, house 5

Тименчик Р. Д., Парнис А. Е. Программы "Бродячей собаки" // Памятники культуры: Новые открытия: Ежегодник, 1983. Л., 1985
Шульц С. С. "Бродячая собака". СПб., 1997

The subject Index
Comedians Halt, Cabaret


Amusement Establishments (entry)

AMUSEMENT ESTABLISHMENTS. At the beginning of the 18th century the prototype of amusement establishments were "garden entertainments" with music and dances, were held in the Summer Garden

Cabaret (entry)

CABARET (from the French word cabaret - small restaurant). At the beginning of the 20th century, it was the name for small, literary and artistic restaurants, places for meetings of poets, musicians, actors, artists and other workers of art

Cabaret Theatres (entry)

CABARET THEATRES became widely popular in St. Petersburg from 1908 and occupied a prominent place in the life and art during the pre-Revolutionary decade. Modelled on western European cabaret theatres

Comedians Halt, Cabaret

COMEDIANS HALT (Astrologer) (Prival Comediantov (Zvezdochet)), literary and artistic cabaret theatre. It was opened in 1916 in the vault of the House of Adamini (7 the Field of Mars)

Evreinov N.N., (1879-1953), director

EVREINOV Nikolay Nikolaevich (1879-1953), playwright, director, theorist, theatre historian. Lived in St. Petersburg in 1892-1925. Graduated from the School of Law (1901), mastered composition under N.A

Iskusstv Square

ISKUSSTV SQUARE, situated between Inzhenernaya Street and Italyanskaya Street. Known as Mikhaylovskaya Square from 1834 to 1918, then called Lassalya Square until 1940, in memory of German socialist F. Lassal (1825-64)

Ivanov G.V. (1894-1958), poet

IVANOV Georgy Vladimirovich (1894-1958), poet, author of memoirs. Studied in St. Petersburg, at the Second Cadet Corps (didn't graduate). In 1911 became acquainted with A.A

Kulbin N.I. (1868-1917), Artist

KULBIN Nikolay Ivanovich (1868, St. Petersburg - 1917, Petrograd) painter, graphic artist, art theorist; actual privy counsellor (1915), lecturer at the Army Medical College (from 1907), a doctor of the General Staff (from 1903)

Lourie A.S. (1892-1966), composer

LOURIE Artur Sergeevich (Arthur Vinzent) (1892-1966), composer, pianist, musical writer. Studied at the St. Petersburg Conservatory under A.K. Glazunov. In the early 1910s he became close with N.I

Mandelstam O.E. (1891-1938), poet

MANDELSTAM Osip Emilievich (1891-1938), poet. The family of Mandelstam came to St. Petersburg in 1897 (before that, from 1894 lived in Pavlovsk of St. Petersburg Province); some addresses are 17 Ofitserskaya Street (today Dekabristov Street)

Mayakovsky V.V. (1893-1930), poet

MAYAKOVSKY Vladimir Vladimirovich (1893-1930), poet. Studied at Kutais Gymnasium and in the Moscow School for Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. He visited St

Salons, Circles and Literary Gatherings (Entry)

SALONS, CIRCLES AND LITERARY GATHERINGS. During the 18th century regular gatherings of writers were uncommon, but those that there were portrayed different stylistic and philosophic positions

Severyanin I.V. (1887-1941), poet

SEVERYANIN Igor (born Igor Vasilievich Lotarev) (1887, St. Petersburg - 1941), poet. He lived in St. Petersburg until he was nine, then he studied in a professional school in Cherepovets. He returned to St. Petersburg in 1904