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Entries / May's Gymnasium

May's Gymnasium

Categories / Science. Education/Educational Institutions

MAY'S GYMNASIUM, men's private high school founded by teacher K. I. May (1824-1895) as a classical school in 1856 and reorganised into a gymnasium in 1865. It had a actual department opened in 1868 and transformed into a Real school (which along with general humanitarian subjects had a strong focus on mathematics and physics) in 1895. It received the rights of a state gymnasium in 1882. Widely using visual teaching techniques, excursions, physical and chemical experiments, the gymnasium taught a number of additional subjects for aesthetic, physical, and technical education. Among its pupils were artists A. N. Benois, M. V. Dobuzhinsky, N. K. Roerich, K. A. Somov, and V. A. Serov, architects Y. Y. Benois, A. A. Ol, and I. A. Fomin, and scientists O. D. Khvolson, Y. I. Frenkel, and D. S. Likhachev. It was situated at the corner of First Line of Vasilievsky Island and Tuchkovaya Embankment and at 13 Tenth Line of Vasilievsky Island until it moved to a new building at 39 Fourteenth Line of Vasilievsky Island in 1910 built by architect G. D. Grimm (memorial plaque).

Reference: Лихачев Д. С.,Благово Н. В., Белодубровский Е. Б. Школа на Васильевском. М., 1990; Полевая М. И. Гимназия К. Мая // Дома рассказывают. СПб., 2001. Вып. 1. С. 269-317.

Е. М. Balashov.

Benois Alexander Nikolaevich
Benois Yuly Yulievich
Dobuzhinsky Mstislav Valerianovich
Fomin Ivan Alexandrovich
Frenkel Yakov Ilyich
Grimm German Davidovich
Khvolson Orest Danilovich
Likhachev Dmitry Sergeevich
May Karl Ivanovich
Ol Andrey Andreevich
Roerich Nikolay Konstantinovich
Serov Valentin Alexandrovich
Somov Konstantin Andreevich

1st Line of Vasilievsky Island/Saint Petersburg, city
10th Line of Vasilievsky Island/Saint Petersburg, city, house 13
14th Line Vasilievsky Island/Saint Petersburg, city, house 39
Makarova Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city

Лихачев Д. С., Благово Н. В., Белодубровский Е. Б. Школа на Васильевском. М., 1990
Полевая М. И. Гимназия К. Мая // Дома рассказывают. Л., 1991


Benois А.N., (1870-1960), artist

BENOIS Alexander Nikolaevich (1870, St. Petersburg – 1960), painter, graphic artist, stage designer, art historian and critic. Son of N. L. Benois. He studied in K. I

College Buildings

COLLEGE BUILDINGS, group of college buildings including classes, workshops, library, assembly hall, recreation rooms, dormitories, etc. Among the first college buildings were the buildings of the Cadet Corps, Academy of Arts, Foster House

Grimm D.I., Grimm G.D., Grimm G.G., architects

GRIMMS, a dynasty of architects, theorists, art historians and teachers. David Ivanovich Grimm (1823, St. Petersburg - 1898), architect, representative of Eclecticism, master of the Russo-Byzantine style, historian of Caucasian Architecture

Gymnasia (entry)

GYMNASIA, institutions of intermediate general education. In pre-revolutionary Russia they were mainly established with the purpose of training pupils for university and service in state institutions

Lines of Vasilievsky Island (entry)

LINES Of VASILIEVSKY ISLAND, the historical name of a number of parallel streets that intersect Vasilievsky Island from the south to the north: First to Twenty-Ninth Lines, Birzhevaya Line, Kozhevennaya Line, Kosaya Line, Mendeleevskaya Line

Uspensky L.V. (1900-1978), writer

USPENSKY Lev Vasilievich (1900, St. Petersburg - 1978, Leningrad) writer. He graduated from the K. I. May Gymnasium and then from the Department of Philology at the Institute of Art History in Leningrad

World of Art, Association

WORLD OF ART, an art association. Begun in the mid-1890s by a circle of students, the main body including graduates of K. I. May's Gymnasium, such as Alexander N. Benois, W. F. Nouvel, and D. V. Filosofov, who were later joined by L. S. Bakst, S. P