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Entries / Amber Room

Amber Room

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Palaces
Categories / Tsarskoe Selo and town of Pushkin. The digital chronological reference book/Monuments of history and culture

AMBER ROOM, a unique interior of the Great Catherine Palace, and 18th century arts and crafts monument. The walls of the Amber Room are decorated with the amber panels (the only example of amber used in Russian architecture). In 1716, Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm I granted an amber study to Peter the Great staying in Habelberg (near Berlin), but the attempt to establish it straightaway failed. For the first time in St. Petersburg the Amber Room was arranged for the future Empress Elizaveta Petrovna in the Third Winter Palace. In 1745, Friedrich II who had ascended the Prussian throne presented Empress Elizaveta Petrovna the forth Amber Room, executed at his behest in Konigsberg (in addition to the three presented to Peter the Great). In the same years F. Rastrelli, reconstructing the Grand Catherine Palace at Tsarskoe Selo, included the Amber Room in the premises of the Gala Palace. To make assurance doubly sure, panels and frames treasured in the Summer Palace of Peter the Great in St. Petersburg were moved to Tsarskoe Selo under armed guard. To set the Amber Room the premises of 96 square metres turned out to be too spacious. Rastrelli offered a three-tier composition of the decor and placed the already existing panels and frames in the middle tier. Above and below it the walls were covered with canvas and painted by I.I. Belsky to look like amber. In 1758, Prussian amber master F. Roggenbuck headed the production of new amber articles in the workshops created on the spot. In the course of four years eight shields of the lower tier and eight panels were made (450 kg of amber was used). A Florentine mosaic was made in Italy in Petroduru workshops to the sketches of G. Zocchi. During the Great Patriotic War the decor of the Amber Room was taken by German authorities to Konigsberg, in 1944 it was lost. In the 1990s, in Germany two items of the Amber room resurfaced, those were given over to Tsarskoe Selo Museum. Work on the reconstruction of the Amber Room started in 1986 (under the direction of architect A. A. Kedrinsky). The reconstructed Amber Room was solemnly opened in March of 2003.

References: Овсянов А. П. Янтарная комната: Возрождение шедевра. Калининград, 2002; Янтарная комната: Три века истории / И. П. Саутов, А. А. Кедринский, Л. В. Бардовская, Н. С. Григорович. СПб., 2003.

O. A. Chekanova.

Belsky Ivan Ivanovich
Elizaveta Petrovna, Empress
Friedrich II, King
Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke
Peter I, Emperor
Rastrelli Francesco de
Roggenbuck F.
Zocchi Guiseppe

Три века Янтарной комнаты / Л. В. Бардовская, Н. С. Григорович, А. А. Кедринский. СПб., 2003
Овсянов А. П. Янтарная комната: Возрождение шедевра. Калининград, 2002

The subject Index
Winter Palace
Catherine Palace (Town of Pushkin)
Tsarskoe Selo, Park Museum



According to Empress Elizabeth Petrovna the famous Amber Room, which was presented by the Prussia King Frederick- William I of Prussia to Peter I in 1716, was brought to Tsarskoye Selo
Source: Tsarskoe Selo


May. Ceremonial opening of the Amber Room after the 20 years restoration work took place in the Catherine Palace, this event was timed to coincide with the 300th anniversary of the Founding of Saint Petersburg. 6 June
Source: Tsarskoe Selo

Catherine Palace (Town of Pushkin)

CATHERINE PALACE (Town of Pushkin), an architectural monument of the Baroque period, compositional centre and dominating architecture of the park and palace ensemble of Tsarskoe Selo

Tsarskoe Selo, Park Museum

TSARSKOE SELO, park museum in the Pushkin town. Established in 1992. Includes palace and park built in the 18th-19th centuries, which were transformed into a museum in March 1918

Winter Palaces

WINTER PALACES. The first Winter Palace, "a small house of Dutch design ", was constructed in March of 1708 for Tsar Peter the Great on the left bank of the Neva River in a row of the houses for Admiralty department officials