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Entries / College Buildings

College Buildings

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Public Buildings and Edifices

COLLEGE BUILDINGS, group of college buildings including classes, workshops, library, assembly hall, recreation rooms, dormitories, etc. Among the first college buildings were the buildings of the Cadet Corps, Academy of Arts, Foster House, Deaf and Dumb School, Women"s College for the Petty Bourgeois, Smolny Institute, and Ekaterininsky Institute. In the second half of the 19th century college buildings were designed by architect M. A. Makarov who built the Commercial School at 9 Lomonosova Street in 1869-71 and Tsesarevich Nicholas Trade School at the present-day First Krasnoarmeyskaya Street in 1872-74 and architect P. Y. Suzor who rebuilt the Law College at 6 Fontanka River Embankment in 1895. A major contribution to the construction of schools was made by architect L. P. Shishko who built the Second Gymnasium at 27 Kazanskaya Street in 1909-13, the Third Gymnasium at 12 Solyanoy Lane in 1912-13, and the first school swimming-pool in Russia and a gym room for the First Gymnasium at the present-day 11 Pravdy Street in 1914-16. First-class equipment was combined with expressive art nouveau architecture in the buildings of May"s Gymnasium built by architect G. D. Grimm at 39 Fourteenth Line of Vasilievsky Island in 1909-10 and Tenishev School built by architect R. A. Berzen at 35 Mokhovaya Street in 1899-1900. Peter the Great"s Baroque was used in Peter the Great City College House built by architect A. I. Dmitriev at 2 Petrogradskaya Embankment in 1909-11 and the School of Folk Art built by architects N. E. Lansere and I. F. Bezpalov at the present-day 2 Griboedova Canal in 1914-15. Among the first Soviet schools were the School of the Tenth Anniversary of the October Revolution built by architect A. S. Nikolsky at 5 Stachek Avenue in 1925-27 and a school built by architect G. A. Simonov at 9 Tkachey Street in 1927-29. School construction was standardised in 1930s for building schools in various districts of Leningrad such as a school constructed by architects V. F. Belov and A. A. Leyman at 23 Mayakovskogo Street in 1939-40. Among nonstandard schools of the postwar period was a school built by architects S. I. Evdokimov, G. M. Vlanin, et al. at 6 Krasnykh Zor Boulevard in 1968. Housing plans provided for standard school complexes to be built in residential areas of Leningrad. Prefabricated construction became popular in the 1980s, a standard design developed by the 17th Workshop of Lenproject Institute with architect M. A. Sadovsky at the head. Technical secondary schools were another characteristic of 1980s such as the Technical Vocational School of Skorokhod Company built by architect V. M. Freifeld, engineer A. B. Kudryashov, et al. in Zvezdnaya Street in 1983.

References: Исаченко В. Г. Он строил училищные дома // БА. 1982. № 2. С. 49-56; Грабарь В. К. Нахимовское училище. СПб., 2003. С. 31-80.

V. K. Grabar, Y. M. Piryutko.

Belov Viktor Fedorovich
Berzen Richard Andreevich
Bezpalov Innokenty Fedorovich
Dmitriev Alexander Ivanovich
Evdokimov Sergey Ivanovich
Freifeld V.M.
Grimm German Davidovich
Kudryashov A.B.
Lansere Nikolay Evgenievich
Leyman Anna Aloizovna
Makarov Mikhail Alexeevich
Nicholas II, Emperor
Nikolsky Alexander Sergeevich
Sadovsky Mikhail Anatolievich
Shishko Lev Petrovich
Simonov Grigory Alexandrovich
Suzor Pavel Yulievich
Vlanin Georgy Mikhailovich

1st Krasnoarmeiskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 1
14th Line Vasilievsky Island/Saint Petersburg, city, house 39
Fontanka River Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 6
Griboedova Canal Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2
Kazanskaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 27
Krasnykh Zor Boulevard/Saint Petersburg, city, house 6
Lomonosova St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 9
Mayakovsky St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 23
Mokhovaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 35
Petrogradskaya Embankment/Saint Petersburg, city, house 2
Pravdy St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 11
Solyanoy Lane/Saint Petersburg, city, house 12
Stachek Ave/Saint Petersburg, city, house 5
Tkachey Street/Saint Petersburg, city, house 9
Zvezdnaya Street/Saint Petersburg, city

Исаченко В. Г. Он строил училищные дома // Блокнот агитатора, 1982
Грабарь В. К. Нахимовское училище. СПб., 2003

The subject Index
Cadet Corps (entry)
Academy of Arts
Boarding House of Education
Deaf-Mute School
Smolny Institute
Law School
Tenishev's School
May's Gymnasium
Skorokhod Factory


Nakhimov Navy School

NAKHIMOV NAVY SCHOOL (before 1991, the Leningrad Nakhimov Navy School), at 2-4 Petrogradskaya Embankment, is a specialised men's boarding secondary school named after Admiral P.S. Nakhimov (1802-1855)