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Entries / Polovtsov, House of

Polovtsov, House of

Categories / Architecture/Architectural Monuments/Mansions

POLOVTSOV HOUSE (52 Bolshaya Morskaya Street), an architectural monument of Neoclassicism and Eclecticism. Since the 1710s the site belonged to chancellor G.I. Golovkin, whose son built a manor on it. In 1804, the house was bought by Count P.I. Gagarin and totally reconstructed in 1835-1836 (architect A.H. Pehl). The main detail of the austere two-storied building is a balcony-bay window. In 1864, the house was acquired by Baron A.L. Stieglitz, who presented it to his son-in-law, A.A. Polovtsov (hence the name). In the second half of the 19th century new interiors were created and the outbuildings were reconstructed. The works were supervised by architects F.I. Eppinger (1858), G.E. Bosse (1850s), N.F. Bryullov (1870-74), L.L. Peterson (1875-85), L.H. Marschner (1880-90s). In 1888-92 architect M.E. Messmacher carried out the reconstruction of facades overlooking the courtyard, remodelled interiors of the first floor and portraits room (now a library) on the second floor, attached a second storey, where a gala bronze hall, decorated with bronze panels, moulding, marble and tapestries were hung. The marble entrance staircase (architect Pehl) and oak hall (architect Bryullov) are also worth special mention. Under Polovtsov the house was a centre of St. Petersburg cultural life. In the 1920s, it was adjusted to accommodate a trade union school, since 1934 it has hosted the Architect's House. In the 1980s large-scale reconstruction works was carried out.

Reference: Житенева Н. В. Особняк А. А. Половцова (Санкт-Петербургский дом архитектора). СПб., 1997.

V. G. Isachenko

Bosse G.A. (see Bosse Yu.A.)
Bryullov Nikolay Fedorovich
Eppinger Fedor Ivanovich
Gagarin P.I., Duke
Golovkin Alexander Gavrilovich, Count
Marschner Ludwig Christophorovich
Messmacher Maximilian Egorovich
Pehl Alexander Hristoforovich
Peterson Ludwig Ludwigovich
Polovtsov Alexander Alexandrovich
Stieglitz Alexander Ludwigovich, Baron

Bolshaya Morskaya St./Saint Petersburg, city, house 52

The subject Index
Historical style (Eclecticism)

Messmacher M. E. (1842-1906), architect

MESSMACHER Maximilian Egorovich (1842, St. Petersburg 1906), architect, associate academy member of architecture (1872). Graduated from Peterschule, the School of Painting of the St. Petersburg Society of Artists, in 1867 - the Academy of Fine Arts

Morskaya Bolshaya Street

MORSKAYA BOLSHAYA STREET (in 1920-93 - Herzen Street, after A.I. Herzen), located from the General Staff Arch to Kryukov Canal. It was constructed in the early 18th century, in Morskaya settlement (hence the name)

Pehl A. K. (1809-1902), architect

PEHL Alexander Khristoforovich (1809, St. Petersburg 1902, ibidem), architect. Graduated from the Academy of Arts (1833), associate academy member of architecture (1847), adherent of late Neoclassicism and Eclecticism. Assisted architect А.А

Polovtsov А.А. (1832-1909) statesman, entrepreneur

POLOVTSOV Alexander Alexandrovich (1832, estate in Rapti Luzhsky Uyezd, St. Petersburg Province - 1909, same place), statesman, entrepreneur, patron of arts, Actual Privy Counsellor (1885), Secretary of State (1883)

Union of Architects

UNION OF ARCHITECTS, St. Petersburg Branch (52 Bolshaya Morskaya Street), creative association of architects, formed in 1932-33 (the statute was ratified in 1937, to be changed repeatedly). The first president was architect M